Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) is large, long-lived deciduous tree, widely distributed in Europe. Together with sessile oak (Q. petraea), to which pedunculate oak is very similar, it is one of the most economically and ecologically important deciduous forest tree species in Europe.
The wood from oaks is hard and durable and valued for several purposes including for construction, furniture, veneer, fencing and firewood. It has a high tannin content, which makes it resistant to insect and fungal attacks and is particular useful for wine and spirit barrels.
Oak species also have an important ecological role, as they support insects and their acorns provide a valuable food source for many birds and mammals. The canopy of oaks allows a fair amount of light to pass through, permitting a diverse and enriched understory.
Pedunculate oak is very tolerant to soil conditions and climate. It can be found in periodic wet areas by streams and rivers, but prefers fertile, moist free draining soils.